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Bangladesh is one of the few countries in South Asia which has significantly decreased the mortality of children under the age of 5, reaching Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 well before the deadline. However, neonatal deaths (death during the first 28 days after birth) still account for 61% of all deaths of children under-five and thus the reduction of neonatal mortality has not been able to keep pace with the realization of achievements like MDG 4.
In the era of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Government of Bangladesh is committed to avert neonatal mortality by 57%, from 28 deaths per 1000 live births to 12 deaths per 1,000 live births by 2030.
The important role of ‘implementation science’ in the specific context and challenges is critical. It was suggested that researchers, development partners, UN agencies working in health sector need to collaborate and develop a common framework for conducting implementation research in both maternal and newborn health. This will help the Government and other key stakeholders to better understand some of the key supply and demand side challenges in averting neonatal deaths in Bangladesh.
This blog was written by Dr. ASM Shahabuddin, Dr. Rajat Das Gupta and Dr. Yameen Mazumder at the Centre for Science of Implementation and Scale-Up (SISU), BRAC JPGSPH.