r in front of an enthusiast audience – that’s how the mid-morning of the Hartal day looked like for us at BRAC yesterday. Dr. Laurence Simon1 presented a seminar on ‘Paulo Freire and the Subaltern Consciousness’ at the BRAC Centre on the 5th of February. Some seminar it was! Deeply influenced by Freire, Larry Simon once again reminded us how important ‘freedom’ is. Freedom from unawareness, freedom from exploitation, freedom from poverty, freedom from oppression. In fact, looking at the foundation and evolution of BRAC one can easily see that BRAC not only subscribes to this value, but is still very much rooted in this ideology.
Paulo Freire was a Brazilian philosopher, educator and an influential theorist of critical pedagogy. His groundbreaking work in ‘Pedagogy of the Oppressed’ published in 1970 changed the way disenfranchisement or poverty or underdevelopment was viewed by many. Freire believed that society was divided in two groups – the oppressor and the oppressed, and that it is the oppressed who will have to struggle and attain freedom from oppression. The process of struggle is important and intrinsically related to the emancipation of the oppressed. Any solution imposed by the oppressor cannot sustain. The struggle and gained strength of the oppressed will eventually change the reality for all, and will compel the oppressor to respond and adapt. That in turn will reshape the struggle itself. The social tyranny is the source of power which will ultimately lead to freedom. The power of the oppressed thus will come from the oppression itself. That is the dialectic of freedom. Larry Simon rightly says “What a conundrum he presents!”
Growing up at a time when both Catholicism and Marxism were the two main sources of intellectual provenance in Brazil, Freiere’s philosophy must have been influenced by both. He believed that poverty was not an inescapable destiny, the poor did not exist in an apolitical situation. And that, the ‘false generosity’ expressed by the oppressor just perpetuates the exploitation and does not end it. To help humanity, one must begin with an understanding of ‘dehumanizaion’. The poor must become aware of their limiting social reality. Not even well-intended interventions can lift them out of dehumanization, only a process of raising awareness and consciousness will enable them to do so. His notion of ‘conscientization’ of the poor laid out the ideological foundation of the NGOs in Bangladesh during the 70s and 80s.
Larry remembers coming to Bangladesh for the first time about 21 years back. He visited Salla at that time, the place where BRAC began its journey. After talking to a group of women in Salla, Larry was surprised to see how outspoken those village women were. He asked Sir Fazle Hasan Abed – the founder of BRAC, what could be the reason behind this unexpected out of the norm behavior in a society like Bangladesh. Sir Abed answered, it was because of Freire! BRAC adhered to the philosophy of Freire from the very beginning and its values are embedded in empowering the socially disenfranchised and realizing potential for the underprivileged. As Sir Abed has said: “People are poor because they are powerless. We must organize people for power. They must organize themselves so that they may change their lives.”
Larry believes that Freire’s conscientization is the source of agency in today’s development world. BRAC has a number of programs which reflects the agency building processes quite visibly. The barefoot lawyers, the shasthyo shebikas, the BRAC school teachers, the recipients of the ultra poor program – all are agents of change. The small and medium entrepreneurs who initiate business ventures with the loan from our Microfinance program, or the adolescent girls who are given a safe social place to exercise their potential by the Adolescent Development Program – make us believe in dreams coming true.
The seminar by Larry was an “intellectual treat”, as Faustina Pereira, director of Human Rights and Legal Services, BRAC justly puts it. His articulation of a seemingly difficult subject was so eloquent, so engaging that the audience lost track of time. Larry made us look back and revisit the philosophical underpinning of BRAC, the reason behind what we do. He once again made us realize that no matter what, liberation from social evils, emancipation from social disadvantages has to come from within.
 Professor Simon is Professor of International Development and Director of Graduate Programs in Sustainable International Development at Brandeis University’s Heller School for Social Policy and Management and has worked extensively in development in organisations such as Oxfam and the UN. He has been associated with such figures as Gunnar Myrdal, Paulo Freire, and Archbishop Helder Camara.
Pedagogy of the Oppressed, which is considered one of the foundational texts of the critical pedagogy movement.
Read more – Shopping-Enabled Wikipedia on Amazon
Books by Paulo Freire
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Paulo Freire's mindset that Sir Fazle ad already used in programs combatting adult illiteracy
The experience of training up 50000 para-health village microfranchise. This built on peer to peer support systems and the qualities that practical apprenticeship system value. Fortunately the basic disease responsibilities pf para-health practitioners primnaril requite action-learning not academic bookwork (see the story of Babai Stahe ...)
Intriguingly one of the ways that BRAC controled the costs of developing the schooling system was developing its own content publishing processes and teacher training…
isloe Lecture at RAU, 11 December 2015.
Sir Fazle Hasan Abed, the 2015 World Food Prize Laureate and founder of BRAC (formerly known as the Bangladesh Rural Development Advancement Committee), gave the Bleldisloe lecture on ‘Empowering the poor in the fight against hunger’ at RAU on 11 December.
Fazle Abed and I first met in 1976 in Dacca, Bangladesh. BRAC had been launched 1972 and I had just arrived with my family in the country as the OXFAM representative. BRAC was a key OXFAM partner andI worked closely with Fazle Abed and his wife, Ayesha, throughout my four years in Bangladesh, an incredible and profound experience which has formed the foundation of my career in development.
Ayesha, who tragically died in 1982, had been the driving force behind Aarong, the fair trade initiative, set up under the umbrella of BRAC, to market ethically made handicrafts and dedicated to bring about positive changes in the lives of disadvantaged artisans and ultra-poor, under-privileged rural women.
In 1972 Bangladesh, previously East Pakistan, emerged from the War of Liberation as an independent country. Following on from a devastating cyclone it had been shattered by the war, 10 million Hindus fled to India and 30 million people were displaced. There was widespread desperate poverty and hunger. Further, the departure of the old Pakistan administration which had run East Pakistan as a colony, left a barely trained infrastructure behind them.
Fazle Abed is a deeply impressive man, quiet and diplomatic, carefully avoiding the fevered political environment of Bangladesh. He and his team plan programmes with meticulous care and I recall he would frequently work at his desk throughout the night.
He had been based in the UK working as an executive for Shell. He resigned his job, sold his London flat and returned to Bangladesh where he set up BRAC to tackle the underlying causes of poverty and hunger through literacy programmes, agricultural schemes, health care, family planning and credit support for landless farmers.
From its birth amid the chaos and appalling poverty of the liberated country, BRAC is now the world’s largest NGO, employing 110,000 people in 11 different countries worldwide, including South Sudan, Uganda and Tanzania, and has lifted more than 150 million people out of poverty. It has also set up the BRAC University in Dhaka.
This is a tremendous achievement and BRAC is widely influential internationally, challenging traditional and heavy-handed and often futile approaches to development.
Pedagogy of the Oppressed, the work of the South American educator, Paulo Freire, had a profound effect on Fazle Abed and the development of BRAC, as it did on me. Freire argued that education should not consist basically of filling leaners up with knowledge like a piggy bank, but rather that the learner is a co-creator of knowledge. Hence, an extension agent works with farmers to find solutions by bringing together each others’ skills and experience. In other words, ‘bottom-up’ rather than ‘top-down’ development.
BRAC’s first projects were in the remote northern part of Bangladesh, well away from government interference. I vividly recall my first visit by boat and staying in a corrugated hut surrounded by water. Functional education, teaching people to read and count, was the basis of the programme, concentrating on life-skills development education for adults that helps to build solidarity, create a savings mentality and prepare people for new income generation.
I have learnt so much from BRAC and I hope that the African Fellowship Programme will be able to work with BRAC in Africa where our experience in agriculture could complement BRAC’s experience in social development.
Borlaug Paulo Freire Montessori
Adam Smith & James Webb
Links to other world record jobs creators : Schwarzman, Bloomberg, Schwab, Ka-Shing Founder of Uniqlo, Fosun Group, Chen Janing, Yo Yo Ma, JF Kennedy Gordon Moore Larry Brilliant Schwab Attenborough, Michael Palin, Deng, Gandhi, Rhodes, Mandela , Nordica, Solberg, Ren Zengfei, Sergei Brin, Kai-Fu Lee, Elon Musk Jerry Yang, Tim Berners Lee, Ira Hefland, Harrison Owen, CK Prahalad, Tata, Nilekani & Kalam, Ray Andersen, Zue, Neville Willaims, Joi Ito, Ron Garan, Ophelia Dahl, Jin & Jin, Queen Rania, Antonio Guterres Joi Ito…
in alumni of cataloguers of world record job creation and valuetrue.com email@example.com washington dc 301 881 1655
GA1 Gandhi City Montessori
BRAC village schooling
Y1,4 Grameen secondary scholarships
Free University part 1
Free University Part 2
Open learning campus- partner segment of cousrera concerned with jobs/livelihoods not certificates
Yazmi elearning satellite with continental open education reach
Linking in the world's ihubs from under-resourced wizard youth tech
MIT linking wizard tech of most resourced kind with youth closest to mist urgent human challenges
LAUREATES OF LEARNING: Which of WISE's annual learning searches have linked breakthrough alumni networks; what would you vote for as WISE's next annual learning safari?
The New Zealand-Chinese partnership of http://thelearningweb.net
editor note Fazle Abed designed Brac world's largest ngo partner round values of Freire- brazilian educator/author of pedagogy of oppressed. The UN is in 7th year of being leg by Portguese-speaking Guterres (former prime minister of Portugal and UN Regugee assistance leader)
2 summits are scheduled Barcelona May 2022 and NY at Un General Assembly Sept (chaired by Costa Rica academic personally chosen by Guterres). While the digital Roadmap for the whole o UN 2.0 is now in its 5th year of improving - see codematters.com - education roadmaps have been slow coming. However in December Guterres (year 7 into leading United Nations) headline the first ever UNESCO report on education is not fit for purpose of younger half of world ever being Sustainability Generation
update may 2022 firstname.lastname@example.org
Writing in real time as we virtually monito0r Barcelona events Ms15-22 we will mainly add some 2 page files starting with
111To team barcelona--------------------------------regarding
Female tech segment of UNITWIN breaks free from vice chancellors to twin universities wishing to lead education revolution round gender , tech and culture - western supreme court judges need not apply
=================================one week to go - barcelona radical report coming
We are pleased to communicate the publication of the 8th GUNi Report entitled "New Visions for Higher Education towards 2030".
This time, we are fortunate to take the opportunity to present the new Report in the framework of the UNESCO World Conference on Higher Education (WHEC2022). This Report will be officially presented and launched on Friday 20th of May from 9:30 to 11:00am (CEST) at the main auditorium of the WHEC2022 (attendance at the Conference has already been limited and closed).
GUNi is working on new upcoming presentations to make the Report and its valuable content known and to promote further dialogue, thinking and action for the transformation of Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) towards 2030.
In the hope that this new GUNi Report becomes a useful tool for reflection and for strengthening systems and HEIs around the world, this “special edition” comes with a distinctive feature. The Report has been designed to serve as a living document in an online format that will be enhanced over the next four years through an open portal, with new articles, interviews, videos and podcasts. Starting next Friday 20th, this website will be open and available to the public: https://www.guni-call4action.org
We invite you all to share the Report and its online platform and to encourage your colleagues to join the project presenting new materials, content and ideas to boost the transformation of HEIs.
Thank you once more for your commitment to GUNi.
Josep M. Vilalta
Director, Global University Network for innovation (GUNi)
AN ONLINE LIVING DOCUMENT The 8th GUNi Higher Education in the World Report will be accessible online and will be enhanced over the next four years
people for power so they can then organize themselves in such a way; they must understand the dynmakics of theitr communities so that they change theor lives- so that book gave us a kind of franmework to try and develop people for power - so we set up 100 lessons in building self-wotrh of people and through that process you build self-confidence that they can change their condition , and gthat they don't have to livge im ;poverty and degaradation for ever
we go into a village - a filld worker who we call a Program Organisier (PO) he goes intol a village and organsaise sybe a dozen [eople and form a group then you bring in more people until you have about 40 people,
they start to save before he full grouo is formed but pnce it is iin existence in a village organisation as we call; them - once group is complete we provide: credit, training programs like legal education so that they understand their rights and obligation - we link about 10 groups of 40 to on PO , and in average are office we have 20 PO's - so that as many as 8000 members per office - you replicate throughout the country - in 2007 that's 4.5 million members; in 2012 that's 8 million members- ; brac membership has been doubling every 3 to 5 years
6:02 Watch Later Fazle H. Abed: Achieving the Millenium Development Goalsby Ashokavideos874 views 57:00 Watch Later Fazle Hasan Abed on Poverty Alleviationin Bangladesh: Lessons for Africa and Asiaby World Affairs Council1,100 views …
KERRY GLASGOWIS HUMANITY'S LAST BEST CHANCE - Join search for Sustainaabilty's Curricula
101ways-generation.docx 101 ways education can save the world WHAT IF WE DESIGNED LIFELONG LIVELIHOOD LOEARNING SO THAT so that teachers & students, parent & communities were empowered to be ahead of 100 times more tech rather than the remnants of a system that puts macihnes and their exhausts ahead of human life and nature's renewal 2016 is arguably the first time thet educatirs became front and centre to the question that Von neummn asked journalist to mediate back in 1951- what goods will peoples do with 100 times more tech per decade? It appears that while multilaterals like the Un got used in soundbite and twittering ages to claim they valued rifghts & inclusion, pubblic goods & safety, they fotgot theirUN tech twin in Genva has been practising global connectivity since 1865, that dellow Goats of V neumnn has chiared Intellectual Cooperation in the 1920s which pervesrely became the quasi trade union Unesco- it took Abedian inspired educations in 2016 ro reunite ed and tecah as well as health and trade ; 7 decades of the UN not valuing Numenn's question at its core is quite late, but if we dare graviate UN2 aeound this digital coperation question now we give the younger half if the world a chnace especially as a billion poorest women have been synchronised to deep community human development since 1970
Dear Robert - you kindly asked for a short email so that you could see if there is a CGTN anchor in east coast who might confidentially share views with my expectation of how only Asian young women cultural movements (parenting and community depth but amplified by transparent tech in life shaping markets eg health, food, nature..) can return sustainability to all of us
three of my father's main surveys in The Economist 1962-1977 explain imo where future history will take us (and so why younger half of world need friendship/sustainable adaptation with Chinese youth -both on mainland and diaspora)
1962 consider japan approved by JF Kennedy: argued good news - 2 new economic models were emerging through japan korea south and taiwan relevant to all Asia Rising (nrxt to link the whole trading/supply chains of the far east coast down through hong kong and cross-seas at singapore)
1 rural keynsianism ie 100% productivity in village first of all food security- borlaug alumni ending starvation
2 supercity costal trade models which designed hi-tech borderless sme value chains- to build a 20 million person capital or an 8 million person superport you needed the same advances in engineering - partly why this second economic model was win-win for first time since engines begun Glasgow 1760 ; potentially able to leverage tech giant leaps 100 times ahead; the big opportunity von neumann had gifted us - knowhow action networking multiply value application unlike consuming up things
1976 entrepreneurial revolution -translated into italian by prodi - argued that future globalisation big politics big corporate would need to be triangularised by community scaled sme networks- this was both how innovation advancing human lot begins and also the only way to end poverty in the sense of 21st C being such that next girl born can thrive because every community taps in diversity/safety/ valuing child and health as conditions out of which intergenerational economic growth can spring
IN MORE DETAIL TECH HUMAN EXPONENTIALS LAST CHANCE DECADE?
- we are in midst of unprecedented exponential change (dad from 1960s called death of distance) the tech legacy of von neumann (dad was his biographer due to luckily meeting him in his final years including neumann's scoping of brain science (ie ai and human i) research which he asked yale to continue in his last lecture series). Exponential risks of extinction track to mainly western top-down errors at crossroads of tech over last 60 years (as well as non transparent geonomic mapping of how to reconcile what mainly 10 white empires had monopoly done with machines 1760-1945 and embedded in finance - see eg keynes last chapter of general theory of money); so our 2020s destiny is conditioned by quite simple local time-stamped details but ones that have compounded so that root cause and consequence need exact opposite of academic silos- so I hope there are some simple mapping points we can agree sustainability and chinese anchors in particular are now urgently in the middle of
Both my fatherwww.normanmacrae.netat the economist and I (eg co-authoring 1984 book2025 report,retranslated to 1993 sweden's new vikings) have argued sustainability in early 21st c will depend mostly on how asians as 65% of humans advance and how von neumann (or moores law) 100 times more tech every decade from 1960s is valued by society and business.
My father (awarded Japan's Order of Rising Sun and one time scriptwriter for Prince Charles trips to Japan) had served as teen allied bomber command burma campaign - he therefore had google maps in his head 50 years ahead of most media people, and also believed the world needed peace (dad was only journalist at messina birth of EU ) ; from 1960 his Asian inclusion arguments were almost coincidental to Ezra Vogel who knew much more about Japan=China last 2000 years ( additionally cultural consciousness of silk road's eastern dynamics not golden rule of Western Whites) and peter drucker's view of organisational systems
(none of the 10 people at the economist my father had mentored continued his work past 1993- 2 key friends died early; then the web turned against education-journalism when west coast ventures got taken over by advertising/commerce instead of permitting 2 webs - one hi-trust educational; the other blah blah. sell sell .sex sell. viral trivial and hate politicking)
although i had worked mainly in the far east eg with unilever because of family responsibilities I never got to china until i started bumping into chinese female graduates at un launch of sdgs in 2015- I got in 8 visits to beijing -guided by them around tsinghua, china centre of globalisation, a chinese elder Ying Lowrey who had worked on smes in usa for 25 years but was not jack ma's biographer in 2015 just as his fintech models (taobao not alibaba) were empowering villagers integration into supply chains; there was a fantastic global edutech conference dec 2016 in Tsinghua region (also 3 briefings by Romano Prodi to students) that I attended connected with great womens education hero bangladesh'sfazle abed; Abed spent much of hs last decade hosting events with chinese and other asian ambassadors; unite university graduates around sdg projects the world needed in every community but which had first been massively demonstrated in asia - if you like a version of schwarzman scholars but inclusive of places linking all deepest sustainability goals challenges
and i personally feel learnt a lot from 3 people broadcasting from cgtn you and the 2 ladies liu xin and tian wei (they always seemed to do balanced interviews even in the middle of trump's hatred campaigns), through them I also became a fan of father and daughter Jin at AIIB ; i attended korea's annual general meet 2017 of aiib; it was fascinating watching bankers for 60 countries each coming up with excuses as to why they would not lead on infrastructure investments (even though the supercity economic model depends on that)
Being a diaspora scot and a mathematician borders (managers who maximise externalisation of risks) scare me; especially rise of nationalist ones ; it is pretty clear historically that london trapped most of asia in colomisdation ; then bankrupted by world war 2 rushed to independence without the un or anyone helping redesign top-down systems ; this all crashed into bangladesh the first bottom up collaboration women lab ; ironically on health, food security, education bangladesh and chinese village women empowerment depended on sharing almost every village microfranchise between 1972 and 2000 especially on last mile health networking
in dads editing of 2025 from 1984 he had called for massive human awareness by 2001 of mans biggest risk being discrepancies in incomes and expectations of rich and poor nations; he suggested that eg public broadcast media could host a reality tv end poverty entrepreneur competition just as digital media was scaling to be as impactful as mass media
that didnt happen and pretty much every mess - reactions to 9/11, failure to do ai of epidemics as priority from 2005 instead of autonomous cars, failure to end long-term carbon investments, subprime has been rooted in the west not having either government nor big corporate systems necessary to collaboratively value Asian SDG innovations especially with 5g
nye:csis jan2020 dc the greatest debate help search 2025NOW.COM
I am not smart enough to understand how to thread all the politics now going on but in the event that any cgtn journalist wants to chat especially in dc where we could meet I do not see humans preventing extinction without maximising chinese youth (particularly womens dreams); due to covid we lost plans japan had to relaunch value of female athletes - so this and other ways japan and china and korea might have regained joint consciousness look as if they are being lost- in other words both cultural and education networks (not correctly valued by gdp news headlines) may still be our best chance at asian women empowerment saving us all from extinction but that needs off the record brainstorming as I have no idea what a cgtn journalist is free to cover now that trump has turned 75% of americans into seeing china as the enemy instead of looking at what asian policies of usa hurt humans (eg afghanistan is surely a human wrong caused mostly by usa); a; being a diaspora scot i have this naive idea that we need to celebrate happiness of all peoples an stop using media to spiral hatred across nations but I expect that isnt something an anchor can host generally but for example if an anchor really loves ending covid everywhere then at least in that market she needs to want to help united peoples, transparency of deep data etc
please map how and why - more than 3 in 4 scots earn their livelihoods worldwide not in our homeland- that requires hi-trust as well as hi-tech to try to love all cultures and nature's diversity- until mcdonalds you could use MAC OR MC TO identify our community engaging networks THAT SCALED ROUND STARTING UP THE AGE OF HUMANS AND MACHINES OF GKASGOW UNI 1760 12 3 - and the microfranchises they aimed to sustain locally around each next child born - these days scots hall of fame started in 1760s around adam smith and james watt and 195 years later glasgow engineering BA fazle abed - we hope biden unites his irish community building though cop26 -ditto we hope kamalA values gandhi- public service - but understand if he or she is too busy iN DC 2021 with covid or finding which democrats or republicans or american people speak bottom-up sustainable goals teachers and enrrepreneurs -zoom with email@example.com if you are curious - fanily foundation of the economist's norman macrae- explorer of whether 100 times more tehc every decade since 1945 would end poverty or prove orwell's-big brother trumps -fears correct 2025report.com est1984 or the economist's entreprenerialrevolutionstarted up 1976 with italy/franciscan romano prodi