fan 2013 year of MOOC & microeducationsummit & 170th birthday of The Economist
Top down disaster-relief NGOS dont have the remit nor the relationship trusts of continuing beyond immediate relief to development. This causes accidental over-competition over a disaster's news story and not enough competence to sustain local peoples/cultures. Look at how much fundraising was prompted by Haiti's earthquake but how relatively little development progress has been made.
bottom-up ngos earn their trust by directly servinng and solving local communities life critical chalenges - compare this with tricke-down aid where all the money passes between goberbm=nments and big banks before it reaches solutions for the poorest
back in 1976 The Economist's survey pof Entre[preneuroal Revpolyion argied that no 20trh century oragsnaiotional constiogtution was capable of sustaining the net generation's most life critical demands - economics needed to hunt for new organsiatioanl models - the botom-up NGO us potentilly the most economic partnering model for connecting solution to many of the net generatipon's gtreatst sustainabiloty chalemnges