BRAC net, world youth community and Open Learning Campus

Sir Fazle Abed -top 70 alumni networks & 5 scots curious about hi-trust hi-tech

affordable learning as tracked by pearson plc



Teacher in pink at blackboard


102 million children of primary school age are out of school

875 million adults are illiterate (UNESCO)



Gyan Shala low-cost private school chain is set up in India aiming to ensure the government’s student enrolment push is supported by quality education affordable to the poorest families.

1.5 million children graduate from the Bangladesh Rehabilitation Assistance Committee (BRAC) Non-formal Primary Education programme in Bangladesh which totals 34,000 schools. BRAC set up the first low-cost private school for out-of-school children in 1985, relying on donations.

Association for Formidable Educational Development in Nigeria is established to regulate and support the growth of private primary and secondary schools.

UNESCO sets Millenium Development Goal for universal primary schooling and renews its commitment to the Education for All goals established in 1990 for access, quality and equity.



Professor James Tooley and Dr Pauline Dixon publish Private Schools for the Poor: a case study from India, highlighting the existence of private schools in India’s slums and villages.



CK Prahalad and Stuart L Hart publish The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid proposing new business models for serving the world’s poorest communities.

The People's Forum on Millenium Development Goals, Bangladesh is established as part of the Campaign for Popular Education, a coalition of more than 1,000 non-governmental organisations involved in literacy and education in Bangladesh.


Teacher in green


77 million children of primary school age are out of school

759 million adults are illiterate (UNESCO)



The Punjab Education Foundation, established in 1991 to promote quality education through public-private partnership (PPP), launches its flagship Foundation Assisted Schools (FAS) programme. The programme provides financial assistance to schools through PPP to improve access to education for underserved communities.



Kenya Independent Schools Association (KISA) becomes involved in the growth of the non-formal education sector.

Educating Amaretch: private schools for the poor and the new frontier for investors is published by Professor James Tooley and increases investor interest in the affordable learning sector.



Research on private schools in one low-income, peri-urban area of Ghana shows 75% of schools are private (registered and unregistered) and 64% of local children attend private schools.

Partnerships for Education (PfE) launched by UNESCO and the World Economic Forum. PfE aims to create global, multi-stakeholder partnerships, including the private sector, to support the delivery of Education for All goals.

Gray Matters Capital (GMC) investment company focuses its services on improving quality and access to education for poor children in developing countries.



Omega Schools is set up as a for-profit business, creating low-cost private schools for poor families in Ghana.



World Innovation Summit for Education (WISE) is established to support the future of education through innovation.

Privatisation in Education Research Initiative (PERI) is established to encourage debate about alternative education provision.

The size and quality of education in low-cost private schools in Asia and Africa is documented in The Beautiful Tree, a personal narration by Professor James Tooley on how the world’s poorest people educate themselves.

Bridge International Academies opens its first school in Kenya, with ambitions to reach over 1 million students from poor families.

Research shows the Foundation Assisted Schools programme in Pakistan improves pupil outcomes and identifies it as one of the cheapest interventions for raising enrolments.


2 school children in pink shirts


61 million children of primary age are out of school

775 million adults are illiterate (UNESCO)



Pearson invests in Bridge International Academies, Kenya, which aims to deliver high-quality primary education for $4 per child per month.

Research identifies more low-cost private schools in areas of South Africa than shown in previous government estimates. It also indicates a lower level of teacher absenteeism in low-cost private schools than in public schools (CDE, Hidden Assets, 2010).



BRAC's work in education reaches 10 million children, having expanded from Bangladesh to Afghanistan, Pakistan, Southern Sudan, Uganda and Haiti.

The Punjab Educational Reform Roadmap is launched, including a voucher scheme for out-of-school children.

National Independent Schools Alliance is founded in India, bringing together low-cost private schools from eight states.

Private school enrolments in rural India increase to 26% in 2011 from 19% in 2006 for 6 to 14 year olds (ASER).



Punjab Education Foundation’s FAS programme grows to support 1,334 schools and 600,000 students free of cost. A further 500 schools are planned to join the programme.

KISA involves 1,600 independent community schools serving low income households, most of which are in urban slum areas of Kenya.


January: Pearson initiates multi-country evaluation of the low-cost private school market, visiting school chains and education service providers in developing countries.


June: 115,000 additional children enrol in Punjab schools since November 2011 as a result of the Punjab Educational Reform Roadmap.


July: Pearson launches the Pearson Affordable Learning Fund and makes its first investment in low-cost private school chain Omega Schools, Ghana.


August: Affordable Private Schools (APS) Sector Analysis Report - 2012 is the first research to analyse what makes low-cost private schools effective (Gray Matters Capital, 2012).



56 million children of primary age will be out-of-school, and the 2015 UN target will be missed (UNESCO estimate, EFA Monitoring Report 2010)

710 million adults will be illiterate (UNESCO estimate)

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KERRY GLASGOWIS HUMANITY'S LAST BEST CHANCE - Join search for Sustainaabilty's Curricula

Dear Robert - you kindly asked for a short email so that you could see if there is a CGTN anchor in east coast who might confidentially share views with my expectation of how only Asian young women cultural movements (parenting and community depth but amplified by transparent tech in life shaping markets eg health, food, nature..) can return sustainability to all of us
three of my father's main surveys in The Economist 1962-1977 explain imo where future history will take us (and so why younger half of world need friendship/sustainable adaptation with Chinese youth -both on mainland and diaspora)
 1962 consider japan approved by JF Kennedy: argued good news - 2 new economic models were emerging through japan korea south and taiwan relevant to all Asia Rising (nrxt to link the whole trading/supply chains of the far east coast down through hong kong and cross-seas at singapore)
1 rural keynsianism ie 100% productivity in village first of all food security- borlaug alumni ending starvation
2 supercity costal trade models which designed hi-tech borderless sme value chains- to build a 20 million person capital or an 8 million person superport you needed the same advances in engineering - partly why this second economic model was win-win for first time since engines begun Glasgow 1760 ; potentially able to leverage tech giant leaps 100 times ahead; the big opportunity von neumann had gifted us - knowhow action networking multiply value application unlike consuming up things
1976 entrepreneurial revolution -translated into italian by prodi - argued that future globalisation big politics big corporate would need to be triangularised by community scaled sme networks- this was both how innovation advancing human lot begins and also the only way to end poverty in the sense of 21st C being such that next girl born can thrive because every community taps in diversity/safety/ valuing child and health as conditions out of which intergenerational economic growth can spring
in 1977 fathers survey of china - argued that there was now great hope that china had found the system designs that would empower a billion people to escape from extreme poverty but ultimately education of the one child generation (its tech for human capabilities) would be pivotal ( parallel 1977 survey looked at the futures of half the world's people ie east of iran)
best chris macrae + 1 240 316 8157 washington DC
 - we are in midst of unprecedented exponential change (dad from 1960s called death of distance) the  tech legacy of von neumann (dad was his biographer due to luckily meeting him in his final years including neumann's scoping of brain science (ie ai and human i) research which he asked yale to continue in his last lecture series). Exponential risks of extinction track to  mainly western top-down errors at crossroads of tech  over last 60 years (as well as non transparent geonomic mapping of how to reconcile what mainly 10 white empires had monopoly done with machines 1760-1945 and embedded in finance - see eg keynes last chapter of general theory of money); so our 2020s destiny is conditioned by quite simple local time-stamped details but ones that have compounded so that root cause and consequence need exact opposite of academic silos- so I hope there are some simple mapping points we can agree sustainability and chinese anchors in particular are now urgently in the middle of
Both my father at the economist and I (eg co-authoring 1984 book 2025 report, retranslated to 1993 sweden's new vikings) have argued sustainability in early 21st c will depend mostly on how asians as 65% of humans advance and how von neumann (or moores law) 100 times more tech every decade from 1960s is valued by society and business.
My father (awarded Japan's Order of Rising Sun and one time scriptwriter for Prince Charles trips to Japan) had served as teen allied bomber command burma campaign - he therefore had google maps in his head 50 years ahead of most media people, and also believed the world needed peace (dad was only journalist at messina birth of EU ) ; from 1960 his Asian inclusion arguments were almost coincidental to Ezra Vogel who knew much more about Japan=China last 2000 years ( additionally  cultural consciousness of silk road's eastern dynamics not golden rule of Western Whites) and peter drucker's view of organisational systems
(none of the 10 people at the economist my father had mentored continued his work past 1993- 2 key friends died early; then the web turned against education-journalism when west coast ventures got taken over by advertising/commerce instead of permitting 2 webs - one hi-trust educational; the other blah blah. sell sell .sex sell. viral trivial and hate politicking)
although i had worked mainly in the far east eg with unilever because of family responsibilities I never got to china until i started bumping into chinese female graduates at un launch of sdgs in 2015- I got in 8 visits to beijing -guided by them around tsinghua, china centre of globalisation, a chinese elder Ying Lowrey who had worked on smes in usa for 25 years but was not jack ma's biographer in 2015 just as his fintech models (taobao not alibaba) were empowering villagers integration into supply chains; there was a fantastic global edutech conference dec 2016 in Tsinghua region (also 3 briefings by Romano Prodi to students) that I attended connected with  great womens education hero bangladesh's fazle abed;  Abed spent much of hs last decade hosting events with chinese and other asian ambassadors; unite university graduates around sdg projects the world needed in every community but which had first been massively demonstrated in asia - if you like a version of schwarzman scholars but inclusive of places linking all deepest sustainability goals challenges 
and i personally feel learnt a lot from 3 people broadcasting from cgtn you and the 2 ladies liu xin and  tian wei (they always seemed to do balanced interviews even in the middle of trump's hatred campaigns), through them I also became a fan of father and daughter Jin at AIIB ; i attended korea's annual general meet 2017 of aiib; it was fascinating watching bankers for 60 countries each coming up with excuses as to why they would not lead on infrastructure investments (even though the supercity economic model depends on that)
Being a diaspora scot and a mathematician borders (managers who maximise externalisation of risks) scare me; especially rise of nationalist ones ;   it is pretty clear historically that london trapped most of asia in colomisdation ; then bankrupted by world war 2 rushed to independence without the un or anyone helping redesign top-down systems ; this all crashed into bangladesh the first bottom up collaboration women lab ; ironically on health, food security, education bangladesh and chinese village women empowerment depended on sharing almost every village microfranchise between 1972 and 2000 especially on last mile health networking
in dads editing of 2025 from 1984 he had called for massive human awareness by 2001 of mans biggest risk being discrepancies in incomes and expectations of rich and poor nations; he suggested that eg public broadcast media could host a reality tv end poverty entrepreneur competition just as digital media was scaling to be as impactful as mass media
that didnt happen and pretty much every mess - reactions to 9/11, failure to do ai of epidemics as priority from 2005 instead of autonomous cars, failure to end long-term carbon investments, subprime has been rooted in the west not having either government nor big corporate systems necessary to collaboratively value Asian SDG innovations especially with 5g
I am not smart enough to understand how to thread all the politics now going on but in the event that any cgtn journalist wants to chat especially in dc where we could meet I do not see humans preventing extinction without maximising chinese youth (particularly womens dreams); due to covid we lost plans japan had to relaunch value of female athletes - so this and other ways japan and china and korea might have regained joint consciousness look as if they are being lost- in other words both cultural and education networks (not correctly valued by gdp news headlines) may still be our best chance at asian women empowerment saving us all from extinction but that needs off the record brainstorming as I have no idea what a cgtn journalist is free to cover now that trump has turned 75% of americans into seeing china as the enemy instead of looking at what asian policies of usa hurt humans (eg afghanistan is surely a human wrong caused mostly by usa); a; being a diaspora scot i have this naive idea that we need to celebrate happiness of all peoples an stop using media to spiral hatred across nations but I expect that isnt something an anchor can host generally but for example if an anchor really loves ending covid everywhere then at least in that market she needs to want to help united peoples, transparency of deep data etc

2021 afore ye go to glasgow cop26-

please map how and why - more than 3 in 4 scots earn their livelihoods worldwide not in our homeland- that requires hi-trust as well as hi-tech to try to love all cultures and nature's diversity- until mcdonalds you could use MAC OR MC TO identify our community engaging networks THAT SCALED ROUND STARTING UP THE AGE OF HUMANS AND MACHINES OF GKASGOW UNI 1760 1 2 3 - and the microfranchises they aimed to sustain  locally around each next child born - these days scots hall of fame started in 1760s around   adam smith and james watt and 195 years later glasgow engineering BA fazle abed - we hope biden unites his irish community building though cop26 -ditto we hope kamalA values gandhi- public service - but understand if he or she is too busy iN DC 2021 with covid or finding which democrats or republicans or american people speak bottom-up sustainable goals teachers and enrrepreneurs -zoom with if you are curious - fanily foundation of the economist's norman macrae- explorer of whether 100 times more tehc every decade since 1945 would end poverty or prove orwell's-big brother trumps -fears correct est1984 or the economist's entreprenerialrevolutionstarted up 1976 with italy/franciscan romano prodi

help assemble card pack 1in time for games at cop26 glasgow nov 2021 - 260th year of machines and humans started up by smith and watt- co-author, networker foundation of The Economist's Norman Macrae - 60s curricula telecommuting andjapan's capitalist belt roaders; 70s curricula entreprenurial revolution and poverty-ending rural keynesianism - library of 40 annual surveys loving win-wins between nations youth biographer john von neumann

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